* The official name of Italy is Italian Republic and Italians refer to their country as Italia.
* Rome is the capital of Italy and it was founded in 753 BC.
* Rome is also called as the "Eternal city" and also "Caput Mundi", which means the capital of the world
* Milan is home to Italian fashion and the world's fashion capital.
* Before Rome became a republic and an empire, it had seven kings. The first king of Rome was its renowned founder, Romulus.
* The first Roman Emperor was Augustus Octavian, who became powerful in 27 BC.
* The Italian flag is green (hope), white (faith), and red (charity).
* At 300,000 sq km, Italy is marginally bigger than New Zealand.
* Italy borders Austria, France, Vatican City, San Marino, Slovenia, and Switzerland and the longest border is with Switzerland.

* There are many vernaculars of the Italian language spoken throughout Italy. However, the official Italian language spoken today originates from the Tuscan dialect (of Latin).
* Did you know Italian is a Romance language? It is related to the other Latin languages- Spanish, French, Portuguese and Romanian.
* Almost 20% of Italy's population is over 65 years old.
* Italy is famous for its sports cars – Ferrari and Lamborghini and for the Vespa motor scooter.
* Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Othello, Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, Cymbeline and more were set in Italy (Verona).
* Most of the famous personalities are born in Italy- Niccolo Machiavelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Galileo Galilei, Antonio Stradivari, Donatello, Fra Angelico, Tintoretto, Caravaggio, Bernini, Archimedes are a few to name.
* Opera is an Italian creation.
* Italians invented the Viol, violin, cello, piano, mechanical clock, barometer, thermometer, optical glasses and telephone.
* The average consumption of pasta in Italy is 25 kg per person per year.
* Italy has the lowest birthrate in all of Europe.
* Italy is surrounded by 5 seas – Ligurian, Tyrrhenian, Mediterranean, Ionian and Adriatic.
* Italy is surrounded by 6 countries – France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, Vatican City and San Marino.
* Italian farms produce grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives, beef, and dairy.
* The city of Naples gave birth to the pizza.
* The longest river in Italy is the Po.
* Cologne and ice cream cone were invented in Italy.

* Before adopting the euro, Italy's currency was known as the lira.
* The espresso machine hails from Italy.
* The Roman Catholic Church is located in Italy and 98% of Italians are Roman Catholics.
* The national game of Italy is Soccer (Football).
* The national cuisine of Italy is Pasta.
* The national bird of Italy is Bluebird.
* The national animal of Italy is Italian Wolf.
* The national flower of Italy is Lily.
* Italy has three active volcanoes – Vesuvius, Etna, and Stromboli.
* Number Seventeen written in Roman numerals XVII and anagrammed is VIXI, which in Latin means I lived, and therefore am dead!
* It is considered as bad luck when you waste salt. During the times when there was no fridge, salt was the precious commodity as they used it to preserve food.

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